Kalimali Sanitation UnitBack To Projects
This two-storey sanitation unit (with 6 stances, 2 shower rooms, a urinal, 1 stance for the PWDs, water points, a custom solar power kit and a second floor with community hall) serves the slum settlement of Kalimali, which has over 300 residents and businesses.Location: Bwaise, Kampala, Uganda
The initial plan was achieved. The Federation constructed a sanitation unit with six stances, two shower rooms, a urinal and an additional stance for people with disabilities (PWDs). The second floor houses a community hall, a store, water points and water harvesting tank as well as a custom solar power kit. The building foot print was planned to be sixty-five square metres (65m2).Community capacity:
As a result of the project's successful completion, the community in the immediate area surrounding the project participates in a monthly settlement cleaning exercise. This is done to ensure health gains from the unit are maximized. The community hall now serves as an office for the Kawempe Federation. It also serves as a venue for both settlement and municipal forums, which bring the local community into regular dialogue with the Council on matters of concern to slum dwellers.Scale:
The plan to expand the units throughout the settlement is ongoing. The Federation has made smaller sanitation prototypes to serve communities with less available space. Some of these toilets use septic tanks, while others use biofill worm digesters.Impact:
The project is able to sustain itself from the income generated through the sale of water, the rental of the community hall and the related user fee collected from those who use the toilets and bathrooms. These funds are used by the Project Management Committee (PMC) to cover the project maintenance costs.Finance: SDI Contributions:
SDI constributed US$11,000Other Contributions:
Bartle Bogle Hegarty (BBH) contributed US$19,000.Resources Leveraged:
The land was leveraged from a local resident. In addition to the land, the Federation managed to leverage a customized solar kit to power the toilet and hall lights as well as the outside security lights.State Subsidy:
The State subsidy was in the form of technical support.Market Generated Returns:
4,439,500 Shillings (US$1,775) been generated through toilet fees, water fees and hall rental fees. Monthly contributions average 400,000 shillings ($160).Costs recovered from community:
The repayment rate is slower than expected, but progressing well following some important learning-by-doing in the first year. To date (June 2015) the community has repaid 4,439,500 shillings (US$1,775). This is revenue generated minus maintenance, supplies, and the caretaker's allowance.
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Project information updated: 27 October 2015
Project in depth
Bwaise slum, in which the Kalimali project sits, is infamous for being poorly serviced particularly in relation to sanitation. The high water table has rendered many toilets unusable when pits collapse or frequent floods cause irreparable damage. A number of donor-constructed “public” toilets have since been taken over by private landlords due to poor planning, understanding of the local context, and lack of community participation. As a result, Bwaise slum – which is home to close to ninety thousand (90,000) residents – is plagued by disease outbreaks related to poor sanitation.
The initial plan was to construct a sanitation unit with six stances, two shower rooms, a urinal and one stance for people with disabilities (PWDs). The second floor would house a community hall, a store, water points, a water harvesting tank and a custom solar power kit. The building footprint was planned to be sixty-five square meters (65m2).Community capacity:
The plan was for the community to drive the project: from identification of land, to profiling and enumerations, to negotiation with council, to construction and facility management.Scale:
The project, which was informed by similar Federation projects in Uganda, aimed to scale to other settlements where a community sanitation and resource center was feasible (in terms of cost and size).Impact:
The intended impact was to address inadequate access to basic services in Bwaise and also to provide space for Federation meetings and settlement forums in order to catalyze further community-driven upgrading processes in Bwaise.Finance: SDI Contributions:
SDI contributed US$11,000.Other Contributions:
BBH contributed US$19,000.Resources Leveraged:
Land from a local resident was leveraged.State Subsidy:
The State subsidy would be in the form of technical support.Market Generated Returns:
Income would be generated through toilet, water and hall rental fees.Costs recovered from community:
Repayments from user fees over six (6) years at eight percent (8%) per annum.
Nshemwerirwe, F. (2013). Project Diary: Kalimali Sanitation Unit, Uganda. [Online]. Available: http://sdinet.org/2013/04/project-diary-kalimali-sanitation-unit-uganda.
SSWARS. (2008). Determination of the Toilet Coverage for Bwaise I Parish: Final Report. [Online]. Available: http://www.sswarsuganda.org/downloads/category/1-sanitation.
[VIDEO] Sanitation Challenges in Urban Slums: SCUSA Research Project Bwaise III, Uganda. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YOn-hmDLYSs.