Community Water and Sanitation Facility

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Focus Areas: Water & Sanitation

The Community Wash Facility project sees the construction of water and sanitation facilities in Amui Dzor, Ashaiman The communal facility constructed in 2011 serves over two thousand (2,000) people in the settlement.  The wash facility has modern flush toilets and water for hand washing.  It is structured as a self-sustaining and income-generating venture for the Federation, whereby residents pay per use. This contributes towards maintenance of the facility.

Location: Amui Dzor, Ashaiman, Ghana


A twelve (12) seater communal toilet facility, which is to be part of the Amui Dzor Co-operative housing block. The sanitation facility serves more than six thousand people in an area which initially had only one public toilet and a number of private toilets and bath houses. 

Community capacity:

A seven member board has been established to oversee the operation and management of the bath and toilet facilities. The community managed sanitation facility is proving to be more sustainable than public facilities, many of which have fallen into a state of disrepair as noone is responsible for their maintenance. 


This is a pilot project and is expected to be scaled up in other areas in Ashaiman and throughout Ghana. 


In addition to providing decent toilet and bathing facilities and increasing access, the sanitation facility has reduced congestion on existing toilet/bath units and improved environmental health as well as water and sanitation situation in the community.


SDI Contributions:

SDI contributed US$55,000.00

Resources Leveraged:

Through the relationship with the Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing (MWRWH), Traditional authorities and the Ashaiman Municipal Assembly (AMA), the Federation has leveraged US$55,000 from the Urban Poor Fund to purchase the toilet and bath units within the facility. US$10,000 has been reserved for the construction of the facility.

State Subsidy:

Throughout the construction process there was constant engagement between the Federation and Government. Subsequent to this, there has been collaboration with Government institutions regarding maintenance. There is also constant interaction with the Environmental Department of the Municipal Assembly on the environmental assessment of the toilet facility as the facility is located in an area with a high water table. The Traditional Authorities and Ashaiman Municipal Assembly have also been part of this interaction.

Market Generated Returns:

None to date.

Costs recovered from community:

Repayments have commenced and the project has been well received by the community. The outright purchase of the toilet facility will help the Federation in their repayment of the housing. Additionally, it will enhance or otherwise help leverage resources for the scaling up/the second phase of the project.

Farouk Braimah (+233) 21 682 896 View Website
Project social media channels:

Project information updated: 19 February 2016

Project in depth

Detailed Information

This project was started by the Ghanaian Allince of the Ghana Homeless People's Federation of the Urban Poor (GHAFUP) and People's Dialogue on Human Settlements (PDHS) in 2011, in response to the need to improve access to toilets and bathing facilities in Amui Dzor settlement in Ashaiman. At the time, Amui Dzor fell in both Tema and Ashaiman Municipalities. The municipal boundary lines have since been changed and Amui Dzor now falls under Ashaiman. 


The intention was to build a twelve (12) seater sanitation facility with wash basins. The project has stalled currently, as the Alliance awaits approval to replace the septic tank with a bio-gas digester to revamp the project. 

Community capacity:

The intention is for the community, namely Federation members to operate and manage the facility. This is to ensure that the facility operates at optimum levels and does not fall into a state of disrepair. 

As a pilot project, the intention is that the site also becomes a learning centre for other communities, both local and international, who are exploring alternative and innovative ways to improve access to dignified sanitation services for the urban poor. 

Federation savings are progressing well.


The intention is for the project to be replicated in other communities city- and nation-wide. 


The Amui Dzor communal toilet and bath facility was originally attached to the Amui Dzor Housing Facility to serve as a place of convenience for the people in and around Amui Dzor. It serves over two thousand (2,000) people in Ashaiman, with over one hundred (100) of these people visiting the facility on a daily basis. The facility, by offering dignified sanitation, has improved the lives of the facility's users. 


SDI Contributions:

SDI made a US$55,000 contribution towards capital expenditure for the project. 

Resources Leveraged:

It is envisaged that the Federation savings will help beneficiaries pay and own their homes. The commercial toilet proceeds will go a long way to help Federation in the scaling up as it could lead to leveraging resources from financial institutions.

The facility itself will be used by the Amui-Dzor Housing Cooperative as leverage during negotiations with the banks for loans and mortgages. The proceeds from the facility will be used to increase the Cooperative's financial position.

Costs recovered from community:

It was envisaged that commercializing the toilet/bath units will provide revenue to offset the entire cost of the housing project in the shortest time. The economic impact of commercializing these units was therefore to serve as a cross subsidy for the entire housing project.

Dobson, S. (2012). Innovations in Affordable Housing: Amui Dzor Housing Project. [Online]. Available:
IIED. (2011). Urban Poor Fund International: A Decade of Innovation. [Online]. Available:

Mazeau, A. P. (2013). No Toilet at Home: Implementation, Usage and Acceptability of Shared Toilets in Urban Ghana. [Online]. Available:
People's Dialogue & GHAFUP. (n.d.). Amui Dzor Settlement Profile. [Online]. Available:
Terry, A. (2013). Housing Project brings Water, Sanitation to Amui Dzor Slum. [Online]. Available:

Funding Information



Funding type:

Grant funding

Implementing Partners

Sida (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency)

Ghana Homeless People's Federation

People's Dialogue on Human Settlements