Zambia Incremental Housing Project: Mongu

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Focus Areas: Housing

This is an incremental housing project in Mongu, Choma, and Kitwe. The project began in 2010. In Choma and Kitwe the Federations negotiated with municipalities to embark on the project, yet in Mongu the settlement was located on customary owned land requiring the involvement of local authorities rather than the municipality. The Mongu project is a greenfield project with a total of one thousand and thirty-two (1,032) plots.

Location: Mongu, Choma and Kitwe, Zambia

Deliverables:

A total of one thousand and thirty-two (1,032) plots – one thousand (1,000) of which are for housing and thirty-two (32) for commercial use and social amenities - have been demarcated. Construction has begun and solid waste infrastructure, water, and electricity services are being provided to all the houses which are being constructed.

Community capacity:

Community members participate through their respective savings groups in the area. Savings contributions have enabled Federation members to participate and have a mutual understanding around issues of development. The savings groups have managed to work together, strategize and plan for this housing project to be a success. 

Scale:

In Mongu land tenure was given to all beneficiaries making it the biggest project the Alliance has embarked on to date. 

Impact:

This project has seen improvements in Council practice regarding land allocation to poor people. In particular, Council has begun easing regulations pertaining to incremental construction.

This project has also seen the culture of male-domination being challenged by women within the Federation who have taken up leadership roles in their community.

Finance:

SDI Contributions:

SDI contributed US$160,000.00

Resources Leveraged:

Through the development of partnerships, the Federation negotiated with the Local Municipality for technical and physical support throughout this project along with any other resources that are necessary for the success of the project. The Federation has also leveraged the land to construct these houses from the Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE), who has also indicated their willingness to provide more land once the project takes off. 

State Subsidy:

The State subsidies for this project were in the form of technical and physical support. Local authorities in Mongu provided technical support on land surveying, demarcation of plots and the transfer of the land from customary tenure to the State. Local municipalities in Choma and Kitwe have provided technical and physical support to the projects. 

Market Generated Returns:

None to date.

Costs recovered from community:

None to date.

Nelson Ncube nelson@peoplesprocess.org.zm (+260) 211 230 156 View Website
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Project information updated: 12 January 2016

Project in depth

Detailed Information

The Zambian Alliance of the Zambia Homeless and Poor People’s Federation (ZHPPF) and People’s Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia (PPHPZ) embarked on this project in 2010.  Like the other housing projects in Zambia, this project is a response to the urgent need to address the lack of decent housing and water and sanitation services.

Deliverables:

The aim is to provide one thousand and thirty-two (1,032) plots – one thousand (1,000) of which are for housing and thirty-two (32) for commercial use and social amenities. Solid waste infrastructure, water, and electricity services will be provided to all the buildings on the site.

Community capacity:

The project beneficiaries are not only Federation members; nearby communities also benefit. They are able to access water through the borehole put up by the Federation. The drop-in centre and various other social amenities to be constructed on the site will also be of benefit to the neighbouring communities. Informal settlement networks have not yet been established but there are working groups within the Federation to ensure the smooth running of the project.

Scale:

This is the largest project that the Alliance has embarked on thus far. One thousand (1,000) families will benefit. The project has started to be scaled up on a national level with Senanga, a nearby town, having obtained land from the BRE (traditional leadership) as a result of visits to Mongu. 

Impact:

This project has been utilised to help the BRE understand the importance of land access for poor community members and the conversion of land from customary to statutory land. Both the local authority and BRE has fully supported the conversion of the land allocated to State land. The land shall be held as a block title to avoid it being sold off and/or land wrangles.

Community-led infrastructure development plans are being embraced by the Local Council. The Council now sees the need to allocate land to poor people without following stringent regulations. Allocating land to poor organised groups has become widely accepted in western province. The traditional leaders in a neighbouring town have committed themselves to giving more land to the Federation. The project has also positively impacted positively the lives of the neighbouring community through improved water access from the borehole. 

Finance:

SDI Contributions:

SDI contributed US$160,000.00. Of this amount, US$60,000.00 went towards project-linked technical assistance. 

Resources Leveraged:

The Federation has also managed to leverage resources from the Sustainability through Economic Strengthening, Prevention and Support for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (STEPS OVC) including various training and workshops around sandbag technologies and other low cost energy saving technologies along with the construction of a drop-in centre.

Market Generated Returns:

None to date.

Costs recovered from community:

The beneficiaries of the project pay loans back into a revolving fund, which will be used to issue new loans, increasing beneficiary numbers. Savings, as a Federation ritual, continues to be practiced within the Federation. Savings groups have worked together to plan and strategize for how to ensure the project is a success.

Wakely, P. & Riley, E. (2010). The Case for Incremental Housing. [Online]. Available: https://www.citiesalliance.org/sites/citiesalliance.org/files/CIVIS_3_English.pdf
 
[VIDEO]. PPHPZ. (2009). People's Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia - Lusaka House Model Official Opening. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Otwmkj6b4s
 
[VIDEO]. PPHPZ. (2009b). People's Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia - Choma Housing Project. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ap3SXDZmdsE
 
[VIDEO]. PPHPZ. (2009c). People's Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia - Kitwe Housing Project. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCAyGen45D0.

Funding Information

Raised:

$160,000.00

Funding type:

Grant funding

Implementing Partners

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation


People's Process on Housing & Poverty (PPHPZ)


Zambian Homeless People's Federation


Norway Ministry of Foreign Affairs