Kitwe, Mongu, and Choma Housing: Malengwa Housing Project

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Focus Areas: Housing

This project, which began in  2008, sees the construction of one hundred one roomed houses in the Kalalushi settlement in Kitwe, Mongu and Choma. The land was acquired through the Traditional Leaders. This is a first for the Federation and it means that the land must be transferred for administration under statutory law as it is currently administered under customary law. 

The Malengwa Housing Project is situated in Mongu district of western province of Zambia and is a greenfield project. As per custom, community members were given land without security of tenure. Prior to the allocation of the land there were other people who are living there. Most residents live in the settlement due to its proximity to economic activities. 

Location: Malengwa, Mongu, Zambia

Deliverables:

One thousand and twenty-two (1,022) plots have been demarcated for housing purposes. An additional eleven (11) plots have been designated for socio-economic amenities. These amenities will include, but will not be limited to, two (2) community schools, three (3) churches, one (1) market place, one (1) community resource centre, two (2) recreational centres, one (1) health centre and one (1) police station. 

The application for converting the land to State land has been submitted to the Ministry of Lands with the help of the Mongu Municipality. A contract has been signed with the Ministry of Energy and Water Development (MEWD) for the drilling of a borehole on the Malengwa Housing Project site. The drilling of the borehole and the installation of the hand pump has been completed. 

Community capacity:

The process is driven by the Federation, who have split into working groups which work on the site on alternate days. The Federation has shown the city the benefits of incremental upgrading, through their planning and construction. Local exchanges to the site happen monthly, showing the potential for scaling up. 

Scale:

The Malengwa Housing Project is the largest project that the Alliance has endeavoured to undertake. It will provide the Alliance with the opportunity to showcase, on a much higher level and scale, how local Governments can work with Traditional leaders and the community to ensure the poor are housed. It also sets a precedent in relation to showcasing how traditional partiarchal value systems can be changed to ensure that women are at the forefront of developments. 

Impact:

The project has a positive impact, not only providing secure tenure but also providing a complete package of socio-economic amenities. The ability to engage Government has resulted in the signing of memorandums of understanding in which local authorities have shown commitment to support the Federation's work by acknowledging communal land tenure holding (which is against conventional procedure). Government has also provided technical support at no or minimal cost and continues to listen to poor communities when they knock on the doors of Government offices as well as involving them in planning and implementation of activities.

Finance:

SDI Contributions:

SDI contributed US$30,000.00

Resources Leveraged:

The key resource leveraged in this project was technical assistance from Government. 

State Subsidy:

The State subsidy was primarily in the form of land (given by the Traditional Leaders) as well as technical assistance from the Municipality, who performed site surveys, produced survey diagrams and endorsed the application for the conversion of land from the Traditional Leaders to the State. 

Market Generated Returns:

None to date.

Costs recovered from community:

None to date. 

Nelson Ncube nelson@peoplesprocess.org.zm (+260) 211 230 156 View Website
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Project information updated: 15 December 2015

Project in depth

Detailed Information

The Zambian Alliance of the Zambia Homeless and Poor People’s Federation (ZHPPF) and People’s Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia (PPHPZ) embarked on this project in 2008. It responded to the need to address the lack of decent housing and water and sanitation services.
 
The Malengwa Housing Project is the first of its kind to be developed on land that was acquired from Traditional Leaders. The project is being developed in Malengwa, Mongu and there is written documentation from the Barotse Royal Establishment's Investment Committee stating that the land has been offered to the Mongu Federation. 

Deliverables:

In addition to the demarcation of the plots - one thousand and thirty-three in total - the application for converting the land to State land has been submitted to the Ministry of Lands with the help of the Mongu Municipality. A contract has been signed with the Ministry of Energy and Water Development (MEWD) for the drilling of a borehole on the Malengwa Housing Project site. The drilling of the borehole and the installation of the hand pump has been completed. 

Community capacity:

Housing forums as well as exchange visits have also been conducted. Government and other stakeholders are invited to the housing forums. This has raised interest in urban poverty and improving living conditions for urban poor communities. The forums are used as a platform to advocate for alternative, low-cost housing technologies and approaches to housing construction such as incremental building.  An example is the use burnt bricks whilst still maintaining the required standard by the local authority. As part of the Habitat forum under auspices of the Ministry of Local Government and Housing (MLGH) we are able make contributions to policy and practice changes as our contributions feed into recommendations that the MLGH submit to parliament. The Town and Country Planning Act and the Housing (Statutory and Improvement Areas Act) are currently being reviewed in parliament.In the past officials from the Council attended an exchange visit to Namibia. This gave the Local Authority insight into what they could achieve through partnership with the Federation to address the housing shortage and the lack of security of tenure. Now the Alliance often visits the Council whenever support is required.

Exchanges have also served to ensure that beneficiaries repay their loans as savings and participation remain a central part of the Federation's activities. 

Scale:

One thousand and twenty-two Federation members are set to benefit from the improved living conditions and security of tenure. The project will also have added benefitis for non-Federation members as well as communities in the surrounding areas. The Federation recognises that there is a greater need for Government to subsidize the housing developments be it through land, material support, or technical assistance in order to make decent housing and better living  more accessible to urban poor communities.

Federation membership continues to grow mainly as a result of mobilisation activities, exchanges, radio programmes, enumerations (settlement profiling) and the mobile health clinics. 

Impact:

The project showcases the possibilities that pooling resources and being committed to the process can achieve. The proactive approach has given the Federation a voice and this has much more significance in bringing about change in the way Government and others look at poor people. The Federation attends meetings with Government in a bid to make their needs and efforts known as well as to negotiate for support. Letters to seek an audience have been written to the town clerk. 

Finance:

SDI Contributions:

SDI contributed US$30,000.00 of which US$5,000.00 was used for project-linked technical assistance. 

Resources Leveraged:

In this instance land had been allocated by Kitwe City Council at a rebate cost from market value. The Federations continue to negotiate with Government for subsidies to complement resources mobilised by the Alliance. 

State Subsidy:

The State subsidy was in the form of technical assistance as well as concessions on house and site plans. 

Market Generated Returns:

None to date.

Costs recovered from community:

Efforts towards loan repayments are being made with members being consistent with repayments even of small amounts. Despite the struggles members recognise that greater efforts must made. Thus, some have opted to rent part of the space in their homes, and others are hopeful with the onset of the rains, a good harvest will give them the extra income which will help over their loan repayments. Loan repayment rates currently stand at approximately eighty-six percent (86.39%). 

Sustainability is ensured in this project through repayment of loans. The establishment of a revolving fund allows for the number of beneficiaries to increase through the provision of more loans. Savings as a Federation ritual continues to be practiced throughout the project. The savings groups have worked together, planned and strategized on how best to ensure the project is a success.

PPHPZ & ZHPPF. (n.d.). Building City-wide Sanitation Strategies from the Bottom Up: A Situational Analysis for Kitwe, Zambia. [Online]. Available: http://www.shareresearch.org/file/1966/download?token=ZukXjKvZ.
 
UN-HABITAT. (2012). Zambia Urban Housing Sector Profile. [Online]. Available: http://www.iut.nu/Facts%20and%20figures/Africa/Zambia_UrbanHousingProfileUN_Habitat2012.pdf
 
Urban Gateway. (2012). Zambia Holds National Housing Forum. [Online]. Available: http://www.urbangateway.org/content/news/zambia-holds-national-housing-forum

Funding Information

Raised:

$30,000.00

Funding type:

Grant funding

Implementing Partners

Sigrid Rausing Trust


People's Process on Housing & Poverty (PPHPZ)


Zambian Homeless People's Federation