Household Water Connections in Mathare, NairobiBack To Projects
This settlement-wide project, which began early in 2011, involves the connection of water services to households in the Kosovo slum in Mathare, Nairobi. A community delegated water management system was developed, allowing community organisations to manage water supply through a master metering and household water reticulation system. The Alliance of Akiba Mashinani Trust (AMT) and Muungano wa Wanawijiji (the Federation) constructed five (5) water meter chambers, which provided foundations for the water reticulation grid in Kosovo. The Alliance has also provided loans to ninety-nine (99) households for individual water connections. Based on this, the Nairobi water utility has scaled up the water grid from serving the two thousand (2,000) households in Kosovo to twenty-one thousand (21,000) households across the slums in Mathare.
The Federation has entered into discussions with the Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company. There is potential for expansion of the project in all regions in which this company operates. The project has shifted water supply standards within the slums from communal stand pipes to individual water connections that are formally connected to the city grid. This has been included in policy discussions and is starting to affect the policy around water supply. Based on the capacities developed on water supply management, the Kenyan alliance, working closely with the water and sewer utility and regulatory board, is developing a localized sewer reticulation system that will allow individual slum households to access sewer services. This system will be piloted in Mathare slums and is precedent setting.Location: Mathare, Nairobi, Kenya
Settlement wide connection of households to water service infrastructure in Mathare, Nairobi.Scale:
Ninety-nine people had successfully applied for water connections, yet only twenty-two households had received meters and water in their households. These twenty-two were the ones who had received bills from the water company thus far.Finance: SDI Contributions:
US$37,500 of which US$31,250 was given as capital assistance.Resources Leveraged:
There is the potential to leverage the project as the AMT and MuST completed an evaluation of the project in 2011. The aim of conducting the project is to bring out lessons, challenges and opportunities that can, by and large, help the project to be scaled up, replicated, improved or modified. The discussion with the water company confirmed that the evaluation will be of great importance to the Department of Informal Settlement who might use it to lobby for the project to be introduced in all the Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company regions.Market Generated Returns:
None to date.Costs recovered from community:
Although the connection to water infrastructure is occurring at a slow pace, community members have all raised their deposits and are waiting to receive their loans. These loans will be used towards obtaining water meters.
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Project information updated: 20 March 2014
Project in depth
In 2011 AMT and Muungano offered to conduct an evaluation of the project on behalf of the water company with a view to draw out lessons, challenges, and opportunities which will help the project to be scaled up. This also helps the project become sustainable as challenges and achievements can be assessed and improvements made that can, by and large, help the project to be scaled up, replicated, improved or modified. Discussions with the water company have confirmed that the evaluation will be of great significance to the Department of Informal Settlements who might use it to lobby for the project to be introduced in all the regions in which Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company operates.Scale:
This settlement wide project has the potential to be scaled up into all the regions in which the Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company operates.Finance: SDI Contributions:
SDI contributed US$37,500 of which US$31,250 was given as capital assistance.Market Generated Returns:
None to date.
Healthy Cities. (2011). Kenyan Informal Settlements Improvement Programme (KISP). [Online]. Available: http://healthyurbanplanning.blogspot.co.za/2011/01/kenyan-informal-settlements-improvement.html.
Muraguri, L. (2011). Kenyan Government Initiatives in Slum Upgrading. Les Cahiers d'Afrique de l'est, 44: 119 - 128. [Online]. Available: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00751869/document.
Republic of Kenya. (2014). Kenya Informal Settlements Improvement Project (KISP): Environment and Social Management Framework (ESMF). [Online]. Available: http://www.ardhi.go.ke/default/downloads/esmf.pdf.