Nyamityobora Market Sanitation Project -Mbarara

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Focus Areas: Water & Sanitation

The Nyamityobora Sanitation Unit consists of toilet and bathroom facilities, laundry facilities and a community hall, which serves as a meeting place for the Federation. The toilet and bathroom facilities were financed by the SELAVIP grant while the laundry wash area and community hall were financed collectively by SDI/UPFI and the savers’ finances.

Location: Mbarara, Uganda

Deliverables:

The intended plan for the project was achieved; it was finished on time and is now serving the communities of Nyamityobora Market, surrounding communities and market vendors and visitors. The Federation constructed seven stances (4 female, 3 males), four showers (2 male, 2 female) as opposed to the original plan of six stances, (3 males, 3 female) and three bathrooms (2 for females and 1 for males). The rest of the facilities remained as intended; one stance for the disabled, a urinal, a laundry area, a store and a community hall on the second floor. The building has also included a water harvesting system. A tank to collect the water was erected on top of the unit.

Community capacity:

One central aim for the project was to see the Federation's capacity, in relation to driving a community-driven sanitation solution, built. This has been achieved to a great extent. From its initial stages, the slum dwellers of Mbarara have led the design, planning, and implementation of the project. Community negotiation and lobbying skills have been greatly enhanced with the community having successfully negotiated for the Nyamityobora piece of land and acquired a memorandum of understanding for the same.

 

There is, however, a gap in the proper management of the unit. This has resulted in numerous changes of membership on the project management committee (PMC) and low rates of repayment. The project was implemented barely two years after Mbarara became a member of the Federation in Uganda. For some members of the project management committee, there were expectations of personal gain from the project and the young Federation was unable to recognize this until it was too late. The Mbarara Federation required support from national leaders to rectify the situation and now the project is back on track.

Scale:

The unit became a learning centre to the neighboring municipality of Kabale where the Federation constructed a sanitation unit at Mwanjari, Southern Division launched in August 2013. The unit also inspired the Mayor of Arua to work with the Federation there to plan a project in their own market. The mayor was particularly taken by the water harvesting and community hall elements. These projects are showcase projects that not only provide a community resource center and meeting point for the Federation regional leadership, but attract the attention of communities and council officials alike. From there, smaller models are developed for roll out across the municipality.

Impact:

The project has increased recognition of Federation activities by the Municipality and the Central Government. Different officials have been visiting the site to see, advise and encourage the slum dwellers elsewhere to learn from the success of the project. There has been increasing potential for partnerships on other initiatives in Mbarara. For instance, saving groups under the National Slum Dwellers Federation of Uganda (NSDFU) have been recognized within the municipality and are now benefiting from Government livelihood support programs such as National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) and Community Driven Development Funds (CDDF).

Finance:

SDI Contributions:

SDI contributed US$16,000.

 

Other Contributions:

US$15,000 was obtained through the SELAVIP grant. 

State Subsidy:

The state subsidy was in the form of land (valued at US$5,200.00) and technical support.

Market Generated Returns:

None to date.

Costs recovered from community:

Thus far US$527.00 has been paid by the community. 

Skye Dobson skye@sdinet.org (+256) 312 107 643 View Website
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Project information updated: 27 October 2015

Project in depth

Detailed Information

The 2011 Mbarara city-wide enumeration revealed that only 63.3% of the population in Kizungu settlement (in which the Nyamityobora Market sits) has access to a toilet. The Federation’s enumeration report generated much debate on how to rectify this issue. In one of their settlement meetings the Mbarara Federation discussed the possibility of having a sanitation unit within Nyamityobora Market. The settlement had suffered several cholera and dysentery outbreaks caused by contaminated water. This contamination is largely caused by communities relieving themselves in plastic bags which they then dispose of in the drainage channels which pollute water sources.
 
Kizungu settlement has a population of two hundred and thirty eight (238) households. It is a business hub for approximately one thousand (1,000) market vendors. It is a busy market frequented by many Mbarara residents from across the municipality. Over the years the market had one pit latrine, which was full and in very poor condition.


Mbarara Municipality allocated a piece of land in Nyamityobora market to put up a sanitation unit. A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the two parties in April 2013. The MoU granted the Federation rights over the piece of land and binding them to the clause of establishing a community sanitation facility for the benefit of the residents of Nyamityobora market and Kizungu settlement as a whole.
 

Deliverables:

The initial plan was to construct two floors; the ground floor would have six stances (3 male, 3 female), one stance for people with disabilities, three bathrooms (2 female, 1 males), a urinal, a laundry area and a store. The first floor would house a community hall. The building foot print is thirty five square meters (35m2).

Community capacity:

From its initial stages, the slum dwellers of Mbarara led the design, planning, and implementation of the project with the guidance of the ACTogether technical arm and the leadership of National Slum Dwellers Federation of Uganda (NSDFU). Following the enumeration, the Mbarara negotiation committee negotiated with the Mbarara Municipal Council and market authorities of Nyamityobora Market where they exchanged ideas and generated a dialogue regarding construction of a sanitation unit to improve on service delivery.

Scale:

The project was intended to directly benefit two hundred and thirty-eight (238) families and one thousand (1,000) market vendors, thus increasing access to toilet facilities in the area as well as replicating the model to serve other informal settlements in Mbarara and other Ugandan municipalities.

Impact:

The Nyamityobora Sanitation Unit was intended to build upon the sanitation service delivery agenda of the NSDFU and continue to demonstrate the power of community led solutions and partnerships between organized communities and local government. 

Finance:

SDI Contributions:

SDI contributed US$16,000.

Other Contributions:

A grant of US$15,000 was obtained from SELAVIP.

State Subsidy:

The subsidy from the State was in the form of land (valued at US$5,200) and technical support.

Market Generated Returns:

It was anticipated that these would be in the form of toilet fees, water fees and hall rental income. 

Costs recovered from community:

The costs would be recovered from the community through user fees and hall rental.

ACTogether Uganda. (2012). 10 Years of Okwegatta: A History of the National Slum Dwellers Federation of Uganda (NSDFU) Narrated by Members. [Online]. Available: http://sdinet.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/10YearsofOwegatta_opt1.pdf
 
Nyamweru, H. (2013). Congratulations Mbarara Federation! [Online]. Available: https://sites.google.com/site/actogetheruganda/blog/congratulationsmbararafederation.

Funding Information

Raised:

$23,768.00

Implementing Partners

AcTogether Uganda


National Slum Dwellers Federation of Uganda (NSDFU)


Norway Ministry of Foreign Affairs